What is PRP?
The abbreviation PRP stands for “platelet-rich plasma”. PRP is obtained from a small amount of blood taken from the patient. The platelets (thrombocytes) are separated from the rest of the blood components by a special preparation process. PRP contains particularly large amounts of platelets, growth factors and proteins.
Platelets play a key role in the repair mechanisms of the cell, both in tissue and hair roots. They provide essential growth factors, such as FGF, PDGF, TGF-ß, EGF, VEGF and IGF, which are involved in stem cell migration, differentiation and proliferatin. In addition, platelets also stimulate fibroblasts and endothelial cells to accumulate new extracellular matrix as well as neovascularisation. Furthermore, blood plasma contains many nutrients such as vitamins, electrolytes, hormones and proteins, by means of which cell proliferation and thus tissue formation takes place.
It has also been shown to have analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.
PRP for the skin
A PRP treatment of the facial skin leads to a regeneration of the tissue cells through the above-mentioned processes. The tissue build-up leads to a rejuvenation of the skin’s appearance and a smoothing of superficial wrinkles. Coarse pores are reduced and scarred skin is aligned with the surrounding healthy tissue.
The plasma can also be mixed with a thin layer of hyaluronic acid and injected into the skin as a combination preparation. This treatment would additionally counteract the progressive loss of volume of the tissue and thus also smooth out slightly deeper wrinkles.
PRP for hair loss
Injections of platelet-rich plasma into the scalp stimulate the stem cells in the hair root and promote microcirculation. Hair loss is slowed down and hair growth is supported at the same time. The body’s own plasma concentrate initiates regeneration of the hair follicle environment, increases blood supply and enhances cell proliferation of the hair follicles. Clinical studies have shown that hair loss can be stopped and hair growth stimulated.
How does the treatment with PRP work?
Depending on the treatment technique, the freshly prepared PRP is injected, applied or massaged into the skin, tissue or hair roots and induces new formation and regeneration processes. It is not necessary to anaesthetise the skin before injecting, as very fine needles are used.
At the beginning, 3 treatments at intervals of 4 weeks are recommended and then, depending on the response, repetitions at intervals of 3 to 6 months.